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  woensdag 24 oktober 2018 @ 03:04:27 #176
16918 flipsen
Argentinie-specialist!
pi_182705531
registreer om deze reclame te verbergen
wel jaren 60.... maar toen was ik weetikveel.... 10 jaar ofzo?
Ik hou me bezig met het organiseren van reizen naar Argentinie, Chili en Peru voor Tipica Reizen.
pi_182705827
https://www.coolblue.nl/p(...)home-mini-grijs.html

Plus- en minpunten
Volgens onze draadloze speakerspecialist
Pluspunt:
Via spraakbediening ben je continu op de hoogte van je agenda, het weer, files en alle kennis van Google.
Pluspunt:
Dankzij de spraakbediening voer je opdrachten uit zonder je tablet of smartphone te gebruiken.
Pluspunt:
De speaker kan maximaal 6 stemmen onderscheiden waardoor je met meerdere personen gebruik maakt van het apparaat.

Minpunt:
Je hebt een Google account nodig om gebruik te maken van functies zoals agendabeheer.
Minpunt:
Om je tv of andere speakers aan te sturen, heb je een Chromecast of Chromecast Audio nodig.

Productomschrijving
De Google Home Mini speaker is jouw handsfree hulp in huis. Deze slimme assistent stel je vragen of geef je commando's. Zo weet je direct hoe laat jouw eerste afspraak gepland staat vandaag, wat voor weer het wordt en of er files zijn. Geef opdrachten om muziek af te spelen of dim je het licht van je smart lampen. Dankzij de spraakherkenning maak je met tot max. 6 mensen gebruik van de speaker. Verbind de smart speaker via Bluetooth met de Google Home app op je smartphone. Stel instellingen vast zoals de spreektaal van de speaker en de temperatuuraanduiding. Verbind de speaker met een Google Chromecast om spraakgestuurd video's via de speaker naar je televisie te streamen en de Mini met andere Google Cast ondersteunde speakers te verbinden voor een hogere geluidskwaliteit.
Wie gaat slapen met jeuk aan zijn kont, wordt wakker met een stinkende vinger
  woensdag 24 oktober 2018 @ 10:59:45 #178
65434 Parafernalia
Leuker als je denkt
pi_182709284
eddie izzard
Eindelijk iemand die denkt wat iedereen zegt
pi_182709301
registreer om deze reclame te verbergen
werk en studie
pi_182716531
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/0FvnrvP2VAQ" frameborder="0" allow="autoplay; encrypted-media" allowfullscreen></iframe>
pi_182716701
2415
Cuando haya sol, hay Chufi
Muziek, Music y Musica
Proud to be 40+
Come On
  woensdag 24 oktober 2018 @ 19:28:03 #182
16918 flipsen
Argentinie-specialist!
pi_182719778
registreer om deze reclame te verbergen
https://articulo.mercadol(...)les-8-cam-bullet-_JM
Ik hou me bezig met het organiseren van reizen naar Argentinie, Chili en Peru voor Tipica Reizen.
  woensdag 24 oktober 2018 @ 19:45:18 #183
459912 FlippingCoin
Weer zo'n kut millennial.
pi_182720322
Index
Version control 1
1 Synonyms and Abbreviations 4
2 History 5
2.1 Origin 5
2.2 Standardization 6
2.3 Application 6
3 Structure and Parsing 7
3.1 Formal Methods of Describing Syntax 7
4 Literature 9
5 Figures 10



1 Synonyms and Abbreviations
• JavaScript, ECMAScript 2015 and ECMAScript 6 refer to the same programming language, albeit the latter two referring to the latest major version at the moment of writing; these terms can be read interchangeably.
• ES6 and ES15 or ES2015 are abbreviations of ECMAScript6 and ECMAScript2015 respectively.
• The term formal language generation mechanism is interchangeably used with grammars.

2 History

During this chapter, the programming language JavaScript will be introduced from a historical perspective. First, the origin of the language will be covered. In the second and final part of this introductory chapter, the problems JavaScript is best suited for will be listed along with some venerable examples of application.
2.1 Origin
In 1995 Netscape Communications, the company behind the Netscape Navigator browser hired Brendan Eich initially to implement Scheme in the browser. (Rauschmayer, 2018) Scheme is a multi-paradigm programming language and dialect of Lisp, which itself is a functional programming language.

Figure 1 Brendan Eich (NNDB, 2018)

Before Eich could start with the implementation of Lisp, Netscape Communications collaborated with the Sun company to include its more static programming language Java . This collaboration rose the debate over the need for two programming languages in the Netscape Navigator browser within Netscape Communications. (Rauschmayer, 2018)
The impetus was the belief on the part of at least Marc Andreessen and myself [Brendan Eich, red.], along with Bill Joy of Sun, that HTML needed a "scripting language", a programming language that was easy to use by amateurs and novices, where the code could be written directly in source form as part of the Web page markup. We aimed to provide a "glue language" for the Web designers and part time programmers who were building Web content from components such as images, plugins, and Java applets. We saw Java as the "component language" used by higher-priced programmers, where the glue programmers -- the Web page designers -- would assemble components and automate their interactions using JS.
In this sense, JS was analogous to Visual Basic, and Java to C++, in Microsoft's programming language family used on Windows and in its applications. This division of labor across the programming pyramid fosters greater innovation than alternatives that require all programmers to use the "real" programming language (Java or C++) instead of the "little" scripting language. (Hamilton, 2008)

They depicted the glue-language, as Eich described it, had to be similar in syntax to Java. (Rauschmayer, 2018) Java, however, is an imperative object-oriented programming language, thus Scheme and Java having poor similarity in syntax they opted for a new scripting language instead. A scripting language more suited aside Java. And instead of having to implement Scheme in the Netscape Navigator browser, Eich had to create a new scripting language instead. In May 1995 Eich created a new scripting language prototype called Mocha, which name later changed into LiveScript for trademark reasons. (Rauschmayer, 2018)
December 1995 saw Java having gained big momentum, Netscape Communications wanted LiveScript to benefit of this and so they made the final name change into the name nearly every developer today is familiar with: JavaScript.
Eich created JavaScript inspired by Java, Scheme and Self. Throughout this paper, these inspirations will be further examined and analyzed.
2.2 Standardization
In 1995 Microsoft started competition on the Netscape Communications browser with their own Internet Explorer. During this period Microsoft became a mortal threat for Netscape, to prevent Microsoft gaining control over JavaScript they started a standardization process.

Figure 2 Netscape Navigator Market share (Wikipedia, Wikipedia, 2018)

2.3 Application
Since its origin JavaScript came a long way. From the scripting language intended to pair along Java in web-browsers, it’s now surpassed Java in usage, and it’s even the most used programming language at the moment of writing. (JetBrains, 2018)

Figure 3 Selection of Top Five Most Used Programming Languages According to Jetbrains (JetBrains, 2018)
Not only in usage JavaScript has grown, but also in the places where JavaScript is being used. Originally designed to be a web scripting language to be used along with a “component language” like Java as Eich explained, JavaScript itself now also run outside the browser using Node.js. Node.js is an asynchronous event-driven JavaScript runtime, in which JavaScript can run similar to the Java Virtual Machine which runs Java. (Node.js, 2018)
Node.js is originally written by Ryan Dahl in the year 2009. (Wikipedia, Ryan Dahl, 2018) Node.js allows for the JavaScript everywhere paradigm by letting both the client and the server being written in the same programming language being JavaScript. Upon Node.js NPM was built, the Node Package Manager.
npm opens up an entire world of JavaScript talent for you and your team. It's the world's largest software registry, with approximately 3 billion downloads per week. The registry contains over 600,000 packages (building blocks of code). (NPM, 2018)

The list of venerable applications written in or partially in JavaScript is prominent, probably containing applications you use on a daily base, and some of the biggest software projects ever existing. Projects like Google, Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn all were built using JavaScript.
Following this, it won’t be much of a surprise JavaScript being first and foremost the programming language for web-applications. The sole reason for this being it’s at the moment of writing the only programming language supported by the major web-browsers e.g. Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, FireFox, Safari et cetera.
In all probability this won’t stay the case for good as recently, June 2015, Google, Microsoft, Mozilla and the engineers on WebKit announced WebAssembly. (TechCrunch, 2018)
This allows for newly designed higher programming languages or existing proven programming languages like Python or Java to transpile into web assembly.

3 Structure and Parsing

3.1 Formal Methods of Describing Syntax
The formal methods of describing syntax concern the formal language-generation mechanisms also called grammars. With these language-generation mechanisms or grammars, the syntax of programming languages can be described.
Four grammars are well known for describing a programming language’s syntax, these are:
I. context-free grammar by Chomsky;
II. regular grammar by Chomsky;
III. Backus-Naur Form, surprisingly by Backus and Naur.
IV. and the Extended Backus-Naur Form.
The grammars by Chomsky were not designed with the intent to describe the syntax of programming languages but rather for natural languages, later the application of these grammars for artificial languages proofed to be useful.
The Backus-Naur Form and the Extended Backus-Naur Form were created with programming languages in mind. These forms are called meta-programming languages, languages to describe other languages by a set of metadata.
Using the Backus-Naur Form to describe the syntax of a subset of JavaScript only containing a simple equation and initialization of a constant with the yielded result as:

Will result in the following syntax:

Checking this grammar with a leftmost derivation might results into:

Proving the grammar converges into valid JavaScript.  
Notice in the last example grammar the mathematical operators are divided into two distinct categories of lexemes, this is purposely done to prevent ambiguity and preserve the mathematical precedence as found common in mathematics. Meaning if only the token <term> was used containing both the plus, minus, multiplication and division operators, the following line of grammar:
<term> + <term> * <term>;
Has two interpretations, being:
(<term> + <term>) * <term>;
<term> + (<term> * <term>);
The first interpretation is mathematically incorrect, and also ambiguity is generally considered a bad trait describing programming languages.


4 Literature
Hamilton, N. (2008, 07 31). The A-Z of Programming Languages: JavaScript. Retrieved from Computerworld: https://www.computerworld(...)-investment-splurge/
JetBrains. (2018, 10 16). The State of Developer Ecosystem in 2018. Retrieved from JetBrains: https://www.jetbrains.com/research/devecosystem-2018/
NNDB. (2018, 10 16). Brendan Eich. Retrieved from NNDB: http://www.nndb.com/people/095/000031002/
Node.js. (2018, 10 16). About. Retrieved from Node.js: https://nodejs.org/en/about/
NPM. (2018, 10 16). What is NPM? Retrieved from NPM: https://docs.npmjs.com/getting-started/what-is-npm
Rauschmayer, D. A. (2018, 10 16). Chapter 4. How JavaScript Was Created. Retrieved from Speaking JavaScript: An In-Depth Guide for Programmers: http://speakingjs.com/es5/ch04.html
TechCrunch. (2018, 10 16). Google, Microsoft, Mozilla And Others Team Up To Launch WebAssembly, A New Binary Format For The Web. Retrieved from TechCrunch: https://techcrunch.com/20(...)he-web/?guccounter=1
Wikipedia. (2018, 10 16). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://commons.wikimedia(...)gator-usage-data.svg
Wikipedia. (2018, 10 16). Ryan Dahl. Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryan_Dahl


5 Figures
Figure 1 Brendan Eich (NNDB, 2018) 5
Figure 2 Netscape Navigator Market share (Wikipedia, Wikipedia, 2018) 6
Figure 3 Selection of Top Five Most Used Programming Languages According to Jetbrains (JetBrains, 2018) 6
Figure 4 Simplified JavaScript equation and initialization of constant grammar. 8
Figure 5 Derivation of previously defined simplified grammar. 8


Срдачан поздрав Flip.
slechts gestoord door het niet gestoord willen worden
You can all run naked backwards through a field of dicks. :6
leve de eigenpijperij
al die willen te kaap'ren varen moeten mannen met baarden zijn
pi_182728307
oh.......... ik ging kijken maar dat ga ik niet hier zetten.... :D

priv enzo....... :+
Wie gaat slapen met jeuk aan zijn kont, wordt wakker met een stinkende vinger
pi_182732791
Amsterdam gaat zondag 28 oktober om 03:00 over op wintertijd. De klok wordt dan een uur teruggezet.
Hier schreef koffiekoekje het volgende: naatje_1 is per definitie geloofwaardiger :)
Hier schreef yvonne het volgende: Ik post wederom in een naatje_1 kwaliteitstopic *O*
  donderdag 25 oktober 2018 @ 12:48:42 #187
180174 Diemux
People vs Me
pi_182733229
18-164
pi_182734552
Cuando haya sol, hay Chufi
Muziek, Music y Musica
Proud to be 40+
Come On
pi_182755092
Wie gaat slapen met jeuk aan zijn kont, wordt wakker met een stinkende vinger
  vrijdag 26 oktober 2018 @ 14:43:28 #190
180174 Diemux
People vs Me
pi_182755654
Nieuwe Tekno modellen week 43 2018
pi_182758314
Cuando haya sol, hay Chufi
Muziek, Music y Musica
Proud to be 40+
Come On
  vrijdag 26 oktober 2018 @ 17:50:55 #193
245701 naatje_1
Naatzipiraat
pi_182758345
Hier schreef koffiekoekje het volgende: naatje_1 is per definitie geloofwaardiger :)
Hier schreef yvonne het volgende: Ik post wederom in een naatje_1 kwaliteitstopic *O*
pi_182758384
Cuando haya sol, hay Chufi
Muziek, Music y Musica
Proud to be 40+
Come On
pi_182784698
Cuando haya sol, hay Chufi
Muziek, Music y Musica
Proud to be 40+
Come On
pi_182787320
Wie gaat slapen met jeuk aan zijn kont, wordt wakker met een stinkende vinger
pi_182788493
Wie gaat slapen met jeuk aan zijn kont, wordt wakker met een stinkende vinger
pi_182788619
The visitors took the skull to a police station
Je raekt an de dinge geweun.
pi_182789673
Totally nothing!!Linux Ubuntu.Tjaa,er zijn nog andere dingen dan Windows!
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